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Bordeaux Region

Bordeaux Classification
The Bordeaux wine region is strictly regulated by laws and has been classified over the years. Napoleon III was one of the pioneers of classifying wines starting in 1855. The 4 most well known classifications are:

The Médoc Classification of 1855, decreed by Napoleon with only one addition since then (i.e. Chateau Mouton-Rothschild in 1973)
Classification of Sauternes and Barsac 1855 mainly make sweet white wines, also decreed by Napoleon.
The 1955 Official Classification of St.-Émilion, is updated once every decade, the last one in 2006
The 1959 Official Classification of Graves revised in 1959 and has no hierarchical order.

The Médoc Classification of 1855
In 1855, Emperor Napoleon III requested a classification system for France’s best Bordeaux wines. These wines were to be displayed at the 1855 Exposition Universelle de Paris, an expo that had visitors from around the world. The wines were ranked in importance from the first to fifth growths (crus). The wines were ranked by brokers according to a chateau’s reputation and trading price, which was at that time directly related to quality.

First Growths (Premiers Crus)
Château Haut Brion (Graves)
Château Lafite Rothschild (Pauillac)
Château Latour (Pauillac)
Château Margaux (Margaux)
Château Mouton Rothschild (Pauillac)

Second Growths (Deuxièmes Crus)
Château Brane Cantenac (Margaux)
Château Cos d’Estournel (Saint-Estèphe)
Château Ducru Beaucaillou (Saint-Julien)
Château Durfort Vivens (Margaux)
Château Gruaud Larose (Saint-Julien)
Château Lascombes (Margaux)
Château Leoville Barton (Saint-Julien)
Château Leoville Las Cases (Saint-Julien)
Château Leoville Poyferré (Saint-Julien)
Château Montrose (Saint-Estèphe)
Château Pichon Longueville Baron (Pauillac)
Château Pichon Longueville, Comtesse de Lalande (Pauillac)
Château Rauzan Segla (Margaux)
Château Rauzan Gassies (Margaux)

Third Growths (Troisièmes Crus)
Château Boyd Cantenac (Margaux)
Château Calon Segur (Saint-Estèphe)
Château Cantenac Brown (Margaux)
Château Desmirail (Margaux)
Chateau Dubignon (Margaux)
Château D’Issan (Margaux)
Château Ferrière (Margaux)
Château Giscours (Margaux)
Château Kirwan Cantenac (Margaux)
Château Lagrange (Saint-Julien)
Château La Lagune (Haut-Médoc)
Château Langoa Barton (Saint-Julien)
Château Malescot (Margaux)
Château Marquis d’Alesme Becker (Margaux)
Château Palmer (Margaux)

Fourth Growths (Quatrièmes Crus)
Château Beychevelle (Saint-Julien)
Château Branaire Ducru (Saint-Julien)
Château Duhart Milon Rothschild (Pauillac)
Château Lafon Rochet (Saint-Estèphe)
Château La Tour Carnet (Haut Médoc)
Château Marquis de Terme (Margaux)
Château Pouget (Margaux)
Château Prieure Lichine Cantenac (Margaux)
Château Saint Pierre (Saint-Julien)
Château Talbot (Saint-Julien)

Fifth Growths (Cinquièmes Crus)
Château Batailley (Pauillac)
Château Belgrave (Haut-Médoc)
Château Cantemerle (Haut-Médoc)
Château Clerc Milon (Pauillac)
Château Cos Labory (Saint-Estèphe)
Château Croizet Bages (Pauillac)
Château d’Armailhac (Pauillac)
Château Dauzac (Margaux)
Château de Camensac (Haut-Médoc)
Château du Tertre (Margaux)
Château Grand Puy Ducasse (Pauillac)
Château Grand Puy Lacoste (Pauillac)
Château Haut Bages Libéral (Pauillac)
Château Haut Batailley (Pauillac)
Château Lynch Bages (Pauillac)
Château Lynch Moussas (Pauillac)
Château Pédesclaux (Pauillac)
Château Pontet Canet (Pauillac)

Classification of Sauternes and Barsac 1855
In 1855, in a separate list, 21 of the best sweet wines from Bordeaux were classified as Grand Crus Classés. One wine (Château d’Yquem) was considered so brilliant it was granted a special Premier Cru Supérieur classification (Interestingly, none of the wines in the Medoc classification achieved this)

First Great Growth (Premier Cru Supérieur)
Château d’Yquem (Sauternes)

First Growths (Premiers Crus)
Château Climens (Barsac)
Château Coutet (Barsac)
Château Clos Haut-Peyraguey (Bommes)
Château de Rayne-Vigneau (Bommes)
Château Guiraud (Sauternes)
Château Lafaurie-Peyraguey (Bommes)
Château La Tour-Blanche (Bommes)
Château Rabaud-Promis (Bommes)
Château Rieussec (Fargues)
Château Sigalas-Rabaud (Bommes)
Château Suduiraut (Preignac)

Second Growths (Deuxièmes Crus)
Château Broustet (Barsac)
Château Caillou (Barsac)
Château d’Arche (Sauternes)
Château de Malle (Preignac)
Château de Myrat (Barsac)
Château Doisy-Daëne (Barsac)
Château Doisy-Dubroca (Barsac)
Château Doisy-Védrines (Barsac)
Château Filhot (Sauternes)
Château Lamothe-Despujols (Sauternes)
Château Lamothe-Guignard (Sauternes)
Château Nairac (Barsac)
Château Romer
Château Romer-du-Hayot (Fargues)
Château Suau (Barsac)

*The number of Second Growths have increased from twelve to fifteen because some of these have split into more than one chateau.

1955 Official Classification of St.-Émilion
Saint-Emilion was first classified in 1954 under the jurisdiction of Institut National des Appellations d’Origine (INAO, French National Institute for Wine Appellations). INAO is tasked with regulating French agricultural products with Appellation d’origine contrôlée (AOC, Protected Designations of Origin). The classification of wines are changed once every 10 years with the most recent in 2006.

First Growths (Premiers Grand Crus Classés) — A
Château Ausone
Château Cheval Blanc
Château Pavie (promoted)

First Growths (Premiers Grand Crus Classés) — B

Château Beauséjour
Château Beau-Séjour Bécot
Château Belair-Monange
Château Canon
Château Canon La Gaffelière (promoted)
Château Figeac
Clos Fourtet
Château La Gaffelière
Château Larcis Ducasse (promoted)
La Mondotte (promoted)
Château Pavie Macquin
Château Troplong Mondot
Château Trottevieille
Château Valandraud (promoted)

Grands Crus Classés
Château L’Arrosée
Château Balestard La Tonnelle
Château Barde-Haut (promoted)
Château Bellefont-Belcier
Château Bellevue
Château Berliquet
Château Cadet-Bon
Château Capdemourlin
Château Le Châtelet (promoted)
Château Chauvin
Château Clos de Sarpe (promoted)
Château La Clotte
Château La Commanderie (promoted)
Château Corbin
Château Côte de Baleau (promoted)
Château La Couspaude
Château Dassault
Château Destieux
Château La Dominique
Château Faugères (promoted)
Château Faurie de Souchard
Château de Ferrand (promoted)
Château Fleur Cardinale
Château La Fleur Morange (promoted)
Château Fombrauge (promoted)
Château Fonplégade
Château Fonroque
Château Franc Mayne
Château Grand Corbin
Château Grand Corbin-Despagne
Château Grand Mayne
Château Les Grandes Murailles
Château Grand-Pontet
Château Guadet (promoted)
Château Haut-Sarpe
Clos des Jacobins
Couvent des Jacobins
Château Jean Faure (promoted)
Château Laniote
Château Larmande
Château Laroque
Château Laroze
Clos La Madeleine (promoted)
Château La Marzelle
Château Monbousquet
Château Moulin du Cadet
Clos de l’Oratoire
Château Pavie Decesse
Château Péby Faugères (promoted)
Château Petit Faurie de Soutard
Château de Pressac (promted)
Château Le Prieuré
Château Quinault l’Enclos (promoted)
Château Ripeau
Château Rochebelle (promoted)
Château Saint-Georges-Côte-Pavie
Clos Saint-Martin
Château Sansonnet (promoted)
Château La Serre
Château Soutard
Château Tertre Daugay
Château La Tour Figeac
Château Villemaurine
Château Yon-Figeac

1959 Official Classification of Graves
The wines of Graves were classified in 1953 by a jury appointed by Institute Nacional des Appellations d’Origine (INAO). The list was revised with a few additions in February 1959. The Official Classification of Graves is a one-class list which makes no hierarchical distinction between the wines.

Classified Red Wines Of Graves
Château Bouscaut (Cadaujac)
Château Carbonnieux (Léognan)
Domaine de Chevalier (Léognan)
Château de Fieuzal (Léognan)
Château Haut-Bailly (Léognan)
Château Haut-Brion (Pessac)
Château La Tour-Martillac (Martillac)
Château Malartic-Lagravière (Léognan)
Château La Mission-Haut-Brion (Talence)
Château Olivier (Léognan)
Château Pape-Clément (Pessac)
Château Smith-Haut-Lafitte (Martillac)
Château Latour-Haut-Brion (Talence)

Classified White Wines Of Graves
Château Bouscaut (Cadaujac)
Château Carbonnieux (Léognan)
Château Domaine de Chevalier (Léognan)
Château Couhins (Villenave d’Ornan)
Château Couhins-Lurton (Villenave d’Ornan)
Château La Tour-Martillac (Martillac)
Château Laville-Haut-Brion (Talence)
Château Malartic Lagravière (Léognan)
Château Olivier (Léognan)